Impacts of Heavy Metal Enriched Tailings of Magnesite Mine on Surrounding Water Reservoirs

  • Gajendiran Kandasamy Department of Microbiology, MGR College, Adhiyamaan Educational Research Institute, Hosur, Krishnagiri, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Yuvaraj Ragunath Singh Department of Microbiology, MGR College, Adhiyamaan Educational Research Institute, Hosur, Krishnagiri, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Mathiyazhagan Narayanan PG and Research Centre in Biotechnology, MGR College, Adhiyamaan Educational Research Institute, Hosur, Krishnagiri, Tamilnadu, India
Keywords: Mine tailing, Water reservoir, Metal pollution, Spreading, Permissible limit


The prime aim of this study was to assess the physicochemical properties of water reservoir from magnesite mine surrounding four sites (each direction) on three seasons such summer, winter, and rainy season. The results attained from the physicochemical analysis states that all the surrounding water reservoir samples have been severely polluted by both essential and non-essential elements. Predominantly the water sample taken from the site I of three seasons has been severely affected by the metal pollutants. The site I water sample unacceptable (mg L-1) physicochemical properties such as turbidity (16.20±1.3; 15.23±1.8; 18.29±1.5), conductivity (2742.30±2.7; 2652.24±2.1; 2785.25±2.1), TDS (2085.13±4.3; 2024.15±2.1; 2113.10±1.2), TSS (712.21±2.1; 692.31±1.12; 711.12±1.5), hardness (765.38±2.4; 738.65±2.1; 781.23±2.9), BOD (208.12±1.7; 201.31±1.2; 212.31±1.5), COD (312.74±0.98; 301.54±1.21; 307.721±1.51), DO (1.12±.39; 1.01±.28; 1.02±0.23), Ca (265.28±1.21; 252.14±1.34; 275.34±1.17), Mg (124.56±1.54; 117.32±1.28; 135.28±1.62), Cl (1248.64±2.69; 1203.17±2.18; 1351.21±1.34), Zn (75.61±1.85; 71.52±1.02; 78.32±1.21), Cd (24.54±0.84; 21.28±0.61; 26.25±0.71), Pb (11.52±0.95; 8.2±0.52; 12.35±0.52), and Cr (3.1±0.054; 2.9±0.063; 3.5±0.21) contents of summer, winter, and rainy season correspondingly. Among these three seasons, the water sample collected during rainy season possesses more quantity metals than other seasons. These results confirmed that the metal contamination has been spreading from the abandoned magnesite mine tailing. These unacceptable physicochemical properties could cause severe ecological damage to the water ecosystem.


Feng H, He Z, Zhang B, Chen H, Wang Q, Kandasamy S. Synergistic bio-oil production from hydrothermal co-liquefaction of Spirulina platensis and α-Cellulose. Energy. 2019;174:1283-91.

Narayanan M, Devarajan N, He Z, Kandasamy S, Ashokkumar V, Raja R, Carvalho IS. Assessment of microbial diversity and enumeration of metal tolerant autochthonous bacteria from tailings of magnesite and bauxite mines. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2020 Sep 11.

Krishnamoorthi M, Malayalamurthi R, He Z, Kandasamy S. A review on low temperature combustion engines: Performance, combustion and emission characteristics. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2019;116:109404.

Sabariswaran K, Papitha P, Indumathi R, Selvakumar S, Raj SP. Biohydrogen production from sago effluent. J Biodivers Environ Sci. 2013;3:17-23.

Karthikeyan S, Periyasamy M, Prathima A, Sabariswaran K. Emission analysis of CI engine fueled with S. Marginatum macro algae biofuel–diesel blends. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2020.

Kandasamy S, Sundararaj S. Improvement of emission reduction in nano additive Simarouba glauca biodiesel blends. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects. 2018;40(16):1929-34.

EL-Seesy AI, Kayatas Z, Takayama R, He Z, Kandasamy S, Kosaka H. Combustion and emission characteristics of RCEM and common rail diesel engine working with diesel fuel and ethanol/hydrous ethanol injected in the intake and exhaust port: Assessment and comparison. Energy Conversion and Management. 2020;205:112453.

Karthikeyan S, Prathima A, Sabariswaran K. An environmental effect of nano additive on performance and emission in a biofuel fuelled marine engine. 2015.

Mathiyazhagan N, Natarajan D. Impact of mine waste dumps on growth and biomass of economically important crops. Journal of environmental biology. 2012 Nov 1;33(6):1069.

Zhang B, He Z, Chen H, Kandasamy S, Xu Z, Hu X, et al. Effect of acidic, neutral and alkaline conditions on product distribution and biocrude oil chemistry from hydrothermal liquefaction of microalgae. Bioresource technology. 2018;270:129-37.

Mathiyazhagan N, Danashekar K, Natarajan D. Amplification of biosurfactant producing gene (rhlB) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from oil contaminated soil. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 2011;2(1).

Sabariswaran K, Selvakumar S, Kathirselvi A. Biodiesel production from Mahua oil by using two-step transesterification process. Chemical. 2014:52-7.

Narayanan M, Devarajan N. Bioremediation on effluents from magnesite and bauxite mines using Thiobacillus spp. and Pseudomonas spp. Journal of Bioremediation and Biodegradation. 2011;2(1).

Sathishkumar P, Palvannan T. Purification and characterization of Pleurotus florida laccase (L1) involved in the Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR) decoloration. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques. 2013;1(1):24-34.

Karthikeyan S, Prathima A, Elango A, Sabariswaran K. Environment Effect of CeO2 nano additive on performance and emission reduction in a COME operated CI marine engine. 2016.

Narayanan M, Devarajan N. Metal and antibiotic tolerance potentiality of Acidithiobacillus spp and Pseudomonas spp from waste dumps of bauxite and magnesite mines. Archives of Applied Science Research. 2012;4(1):616-22.

Chen H, He Z, Zhang B, Feng H, Kandasamy S, Wang B. Effects of the aqueous phase recycling on bio-oil yield in hydrothermal liquefaction of Spirulina Platensis, α-cellulose, and lignin. Energy. 2019;179:1103-13.

Mathiyazhagan N, Natarajan D. Phytoremediation efficiency of edible and economical crops on waste dumps of bauxite mines, Salem district, Tamil Nadu, India. In On a Sustainable Future of the Earth's Natural Resources 2013 (pp. 493-508). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Zhang B, Chen J, He Z, Chen H, Kandasamy S. Hydrothermal liquefaction of fresh lemon-peel: parameter optimisation and product chemistry. Renewable Energy. 2019;143:512-9.

Mathiyazhagan N, Natarajan D. Physicochemical assessment of waste dumps of Magnesite and Bauxite Mine in summer and rainy season. International Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2012;2(4):2243-52.

Sabariswaran K, Selvakumar S. Evaluation of engine performance and emission studies of waste cooking oil methyl ester and blends with diesel fuel in marine engine. 2017.

Kandasamy S, Zhang B, He Z, Chen H, Feng H, Wang Q, et al. Hydrothermal liquefaction of microalgae using Fe3O4 nanostructures as efficient catalyst for the production of bio-oil: Optimization of reaction parameters by response surface methodology. Biomass and Bioenergy. 2019;131:105417.

Arulmani SRB, Ganamuthu HL, Ashokkumar V, Govindarajan G, Kandasamy S, Zhang H. Biofilm formation and electrochemical metabolic activity of Ochrobactrum sp. JSRB-1 and Cupriavidus sp. JSRB-2 for energy production. Environmental Technology & Innovation. 2020;20:101145.

Narayanan M, Ranganathan M, Subramanian SM, Kumarasamy S, Kandasamy S. Toxicity of cypermethrin and enzyme inhibitor synergists in red hairy caterpillar Amsacta albistriga (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae). The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology. 2020 Dec;81(1):1-8.

Kandasamy S, Sundararaj S. Engine performance and emission profile of Simarouba glauca biodiesel and blends. International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology. 2020;25(2):202-17.

Narayanan M, Kumarasamy S, Ranganathan M, Kandasamy S, Kandasamy G, Gnanavel K. Enzyme and metabolites attained in degradation of chemical pesticides ß Cypermethrin by Bacillus cereus. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2020 Jul 1.

He Z, Wang B, Zhang B, Feng H, Kandasamy S, Chen H. Synergistic effect of hydrothermal Co-liquefaction of Spirulina platensis and Lignin: Optimization of operating parameters by response surface methodology. Energy. 2020:117550.

Venkatesan S, Prabakaran M, Narayanan M, Anusha P, Srinivasan R, Natarajan D, Paulraj B, Devarayan K, Sukumaran M.. In-situ and ex-situ phycoremediation competence of innate Scenedesmus sp. on polluted Thirumanimuthar river water. Chemical Science Review and Letters. 2020.

Mathiyazhagan N, Natarajan D, Suresh K. Impact of waste dumps of mines on plants in genomic & bio molecules level. Mesopotamia Environmental Journal. 2015;2(1):33-45.

Ashokkumar V, Chen WH, Ala'a H, Kumar G, Sathishkumar P, Pandian S, Ani FN, Ngamcharussrivichai C. Bioenergy production and metallic iron (Fe) conversion from Botryococcus sp. cultivated in domestic wastewater: Algal biorefinery concept. Energy Conversion and Management. 2019 Sep 15;196:1326-34.

Narayanan M, Devarajan N, Kandasamy G, Kandasamy S, Shanmuganathan R, Pugazhendhi A. Phytoremediation competence of short-term crops on magnesite mine tailing. Chemosphere. 2020 Oct 21:128641.

Narayanan M, Kandasamy G, He Z, Kandasamy S, Alfarhan AH, Pugazhendhi A. Phytoextraction competence of J. curcas L. on ore waste dump of the bauxite mine under the influence of multi potential Bacillus cereus. Environmental Technology & Innovation. 2020 Oct 28:101221.

Natarajan D. Assessment of physicochemical and heavy metals from waste dumps of magnesite and bauxite mines. Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry (EJEAFChe). 2011 Nov 25;10(11):3076-82.

Zhang B, Chen J, Kandasamy S, He Z. Hydrothermal liquefaction of fresh lemon-peel and Spirulina platensis blending-operation parameter and biocrude chemistry investigation. Energy. 2020;193:116645.

Soman S, Kumarasamy S, Narayanan M, Ranganathan M. Biocatalyst: phytase production in solid state fermentation by OVAT Strategy. Bioin. Res. App. Chem.. 2020;10:6119-27.

Kandasamy S, Zhang B, He Z, Chen H, Feng H, Wang Q, et al. Effect of low-temperature catalytic hydrothermal liquefaction of Spirulina platensis. Energy. 2020;190:116236.

Adnan LA, Sathishkumar P, Yusoff AR, Hadibarata T, Ameen F. Rapid bioremediation of Alizarin Red S and Quinizarine Green SS dyes using Trichoderma lixii F21 mediated by biosorption and enzymatic processes. Bioprocess and biosystems engineering. 2017 Jan 1;40(1):85-97.

Mathiyazhagan N. Metal extraction competence of plants on waste dumps of magnesite mine, Salem District, South India. Journal of Mining and Environment. 2013 Oct 1;4(2):113-24.

Poonkuzhali K, Sathishkumar P, Boopathy R, Palvannan T. Aqueous state laccase thermostabilization using carbohydrate polymers: Effect on toxicity assessment of azo dye. Carbohydrate polymers. 2011 May 6;85(2):341-8.

Narayanan M, Kumarasamy S, Ranganathan M, Kandasamy S, Kandasamy G, Gnanavel K, Mamtha K. Production and characterization of polyhydroxyalkanoates synthesized by E. coli Isolated from sludge soil. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2020 Jun 30.

Soman S, Suresh K, Mathiyazhagan N, Muthusamy R. Chemically defined medium for the production of Phytase by Hanseniaspora guilliermondii S1, Pichia fermentans S2 and its secondary structure prediction of 16S rRNA. Bioin. Res. App. Chem.. 2020;10:6262-72.

Mathiyazhagan N, Natarajan D. Optimization of RAPD-PCR Protocol to Screen Jatropha Curcas and Gossypium hirsutum Grown in Metal Contaminated Soil.2011;.

Meena RA, Sathishkumar P, Ameen F, Yusoff AR, Gu FL. Heavy metal pollution in immobile and mobile components of lentic ecosystems—a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2018 Feb 1;25(5):4134-48.

Mathiyazhagan N, Suresh K, Deepa CA. Case study on novel natural remedy (Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.) against bacillary white diarrhea in broiler chickens. International Journal of Petrochemical Science & Engineering. 2018;3(2):71-3.

Arulkumar M, Thirumalai K, Sathishkumar P, Palvannan T. Rapid removal of chromium from aqueous solution using novel prawn shell activated carbon. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2012 Mar 15;185:178-86.

Kumarasamy S, Subramanian V, Narayanan M, Ranganathan M. Microbial stereo inversion of (R) 3 Chloro-1, 2-propandiol by Wickerhamomyces anomalous MGR6-KY209903. Biointerface Res. App. Chem.. 2020;10:6157-66.

Narayanan M, Kandasamy S, Kumarasamy S, Gnanavel K, Ranganathan M, Kandasamy G. Screening of polyhydroxybutyrate producing indigenous bacteria from polluted lake soil. Heliyon. 2020 Oct 1;6(10):e05381.

How to Cite
Kandasamy, G., Ragunath Singh, Y., & Narayanan, M. (2021). Impacts of Heavy Metal Enriched Tailings of Magnesite Mine on Surrounding Water Reservoirs. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 9(2), 521-527.
Regular publication process