Biogas production by anaerobic digestion of cow dung using floating type fermenter

  • Yasser Elhenawy Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Port-Said University, Egypt, 42523
  • Sherif El-Kadi Agricultural Microbiology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Damietta University, Egypt, 34511-
  • Kareem Elsawy Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Port-Said University, Egypt, 42523
  • Abdelhady Abdelmotalip Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Port-Said University, Egypt, 42523
  • Ibrahim AbdelrahmanIbrahim Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Port-Said University, Egypt, 42523
Keywords: Biomass, Biogas, Microbiology science, Anaerobic fermentation


Biogas is a clean conventional source of energy for the rural community. The anaerobic digestion is a technology used for recycling organic materials. In the present work, a floating type biogas digester is constructed and used to evaluate the quantity of produced gas, in addition, to determine its chemical composition. To examine Microbiological analysis, different samples are obtained from the floating type fermenter unite. Total solids, nitrogen carbon content and PH is determined from analysis of a cow dung samples. The obtained results show that, the total produced gas is found to be about 101.7 liters and the initial pH in fresh cow manure sample was 8.1, this value decreased during fermentation period until reached to 4.8 inside digester. The experiment is conducted at low temperatures range between 15 °C and 23°C in a batch mode. Microbial load is determined also from the digested.


Al Seadi T, Rutz D, Prassl H, Kottner M, Finsterwalder T, Volk S, JanssenR. Biogas Handbook. University of Southern Denmark Esbjerg. Niels Bhors Vej 9-10. DK-6700 Esbjerg. Denmark 2008.


Rutz D, Janssen R. Biofuel Technology Handbook. WIP Renewable Energies. January 2008.


Jacinthe RI. Agricultural residues and biogas production in rural Egypt (A case study of biogas project in Kafr El-Amir village,El-Dakhalia governorate). J.Agric.Econom.and social sci. Mansoura Univ. vol.4 (1). 2013. PP. 123-140. (DOI: 10.21608/JAESS.2013.43022)

Zitomer DH, Adhikari P, Heisel C, Dineen D. Municipal anaerobic digesters for co-digesting, energy recovery and greenhouse gas reduction. Water environment research. March2008. Vol.80. No.3, PP.229-237. (

Arun N, Singh DP. Microalgae: The future fuel. J.Algal biomass ultn. 2012. Vol. 3(1). PP. 46 – 54. (

Chen G, Liu G, Yan B, Shan R, Wang J, Li T, Xu W. Experimental study of co-digestion of food waste and tall fescue for biogas production. Renewable energy. 2016. Vol. 88. PP. 273 – 279. (

Miah MR, Abdel kalam Md, Rahman L, Akanda MR, Pullak A, Abdur rouf MD. Production of biogas from poultry litter mixed with the co-substrate cow dung. Journal of Taibah university for science. 2016. Vol. 10. PP. 497 – 504. (

Leke L, Ogbanje AA, Terfa DH , Ikayaagba T. Production of biogas from maize cobs. International Journal of Energy and environment. 2013. Vol.4. Issue1, PP. 153 – 160. (

Youssef GDM, El-bakhashwan MK. Utilization of solar energy for improving biogas production from farm digesters. J.soil sci. and Agric.eng. Mansoura univ. 2015. Vol.6 No. 1. PP. 65-80. (DOI: 10.21608/JSSAE.2015.41809)

El-bakhswan MK, Abd El-ghafar SMA, Zayed MF, El-shazly AE. Effect of mechanical stirring on biogas production efficiency in large-scale digesters. J.soil sci. and Agric.Eng.Mansoura Univ. 2015. Vol. 6. No. 1. PP. 47 – 63. (DOI: 10.21608/JSSAE.2015.41811)

Navarro CN, Chairez I, Bustillos LT, Munoz JR, Manjarrez ES, Pena EI. Effects of fluid dynamic on enhanced biohydrogen production in a pilot stirred tank reactor:CFD simulation and experimental studies. International journal of hydrogen energy. 2016. Vol. 41. PP. 14630-14640. (

Zhang G, Wu Z, Cheng F, Min Z, Jong LD. Thermophilic digestion of waste-activated sludge coupled with solar pond. Renewable energy. 2016. Vol. 98. PP. 142-147. (

Zhang T, Tan Y, Zhang X. Using a hybrid heating system to increase the biogas production of household digesters in cold areas of china: An experimental study. Applied thermal engineering. 2016. Vol. 103. PP. 1299-1311. (

Salihu A, Alam MD. Upgrading strategies for effective utilization of biogas. Environmental progress and sustainable energy. 2015. Vol.34. No.5. PP. 1512-1520. (

Datta S, Mody K, Gopalsamy G, Jha B. Novel application of κ-carrageenan: as a gelling agent in microbiological media to study biodiversity of extreme alkaliphiles. Carbohydrate polymers,85(2), 465-468,2011.‏ (

Sneed J, Strohbehn C, Gilmore SA, Mendonca A. Microbiological evaluation of foodservice contact surfaces in Iowa assisted-living facilities. Journal of the American Dietetic Association,104(11),1722-1724,2004. (

Li F, Qi ZL. Kinetic analysis on rotating biological contactor treatment of organic matter. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 599, pp. 322-325). Trans Tech Publications Ltd,2012.‏(

Kilinc B, Cakli S. Chemical, microbiological and sensory changes in thawed frozen fillets of sardine (Sardina pilchardus) during margination. Food Chemistry. 2004. Vol.88. PP. 275-280. (

Bathany C, Park J, Cho YK, Takayama, S. Dehydrated aqueous two-phase system micro-domains retain their shape upon rehydration to allow patterned reagent delivery to cells. Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 1(44), 6020-6026,2013 (

Walter WG. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater,1961. (doi/pdf/10.2105/AJPH.51.6.940-a)

Åhman, J, Matuschek, E, Kahlmeter, G. The quality of antimicrobial discs from nine manufacturers—EUCAST evaluations in 2014 and 2017. Clinical Microbiology and Infection,25(3),346-352,2019.‏ (

Abd-Elmageed, A. A. I., Al-Hossainy, A. F., Fawzy, E. M., Almutlaq, N., Eid, M. R., Bourezgui, A., Bassyouni, M. Synthesis, characterization and DFT molecular modeling of doped poly (para-nitroaniline-co-para-toluidine) thin film for optoelectronic devices applications. Optical Materials, (2020), 99, 109593. (

El-Fadaly H, El-Kadi SM, Hamad MN, Habib A. Role of fungal enzymes in the biochemistry of Egyptian Ras cheese during ripening period. Open Access Library Journal. 2. 2015. Vol. 8. PP. 1819-1832. (DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101819)

Gupta P, Samant K, Sahu A. Isolation of cellulose degrading bacteria and determination of their cellulolytic potential. International Journal of Microbiology. 2012. PP. 1-5. (

Peterson, JD, Umayam, LA, Dickinson T, Hickey, EK, White,O. Thecomprehensivemicrobialresource.Nucleicacidsresearch,29(1),123-125,2001.(

Elminshawy, A., Morad, K., Elminshawy, N. A., & Elhenawy, Y. Performance enhancement of concentrator photovoltaic systems using nanofluids. International Journal of Energy Research. (2020). (

Mabrouk, A. N., Elhenawy, Y., Abdelkader, M., & Shatat, M. The impact of baffle orientation on the performance of the hollow fiber membrane distillation. Desalin. Water Treat, (2017), 58, 35-45.‏ (doi: 10.5004/dwt.2017.0030)

Suessner, S., Hennerbichler, S., Schreiberhuber, S., Stuebl, D., Gabriel, C. Validation of an alternative microbiological method for tissue products. Cell and tissue banking, 15(2), 277-286,‏2014 ( 10.1007/s10561-014-9455-8)

Elminshawy, N. A., El-Ghandour, M., Elhenawy, Y., Bassyouni, M., El-Damhogi, D. G., & Addas, M. F. Experimental investigation of a V-trough PV concentrator integrated with a buried water heat exchanger cooling system. Solar Energy, 193, 706-714,2019. (

Elhady S, Bassyouni M, Mansour RA, Elzahar MH, Abdel-Hamid S, Elhenawy Y, Saleh MY. Oily Wastewater Treatment Using Polyamide Thin Film Composite Membrane Technology. Membranes. 2020. Vol. 10(5). PP. 84. (

Persson SP, Bartlett HD, Branding AE, Regan RW. Agricultural Anaerobic Digesters: Design and Operation. College of Agricultural Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 323 Agricultural Administration Building University Park, PA 16802, Aug2017.(

Elhenawy Y, Hafez G, Abdel-Hamid S, Elbany M. Prediction and assessment of automated lifting system performance for multi-storey parking lots powered by solar energy. 2020. Journal of CleanerProduction.Vol.266.(

Abdel-Hamid SM, Al-Qabandi OA, Elminshawy NA, Bassyouni M, Zoromba MS, Abdel-Aziz MH, Mira H, Elhenawy Y. Fabrication and Characterization of Microcellular Polyurethane Sisal Biocomposites. Molecules. 2019. 24(24). 4585. (

Elminshawy NA, Gadalla MA, Bassyouni M, El-Nahhas K, Elminshawy A, Elhenawy Y. A novel concentrated photovoltaic-driven membrane distillation hybrid system for the simultaneous production of electricity and potable water. Renewable Energy. 2020.Vol.162.PP.802-817. (

Alanezi AA, Safaei MR, Goodarzi M, Elhenawy Y. The Effect of Inclination Angle and Reynolds Number on the Performance of a Direct Contact Membrane Distillation (DCMD) Process. Energies. 2020. 13(11). 2824. (

Md Rashedul Islam, Bodius Salam, Md Mizanur Rahman, Abdullah Al Mamun. Biogas from mesophilic digestion of cow dung using charcoal and gelatin as additives, AIP Conference Proceedings 1851, 020034, 2017. (

Guerrero CS, Contreras FA, Lobo JF, Pérez BT, Cepeda2 JH, Pacheco A. Biogas‐producing microbial composition of an anaerobic digester and associated bovine residues. MicrobiologyOpen. 2019. Vol.8. PP. 1-13. (

Sun L, Liu T, Müller B, Schnürer A. The microbial community structure in industrial biogas plants influences the degradation rate of straw and cellulose in batch tests. Biotechnol Biofuels. 2016. Vol. 9. PP. 1-20. ( /10.1186/s13068-016-0543-9.)

Mobarak, Y., Bassyouni, M., Almutawa, M. Materials selection, synthesis, and dielectrical properties of PVC nanocomposites. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 2013.‏ (

Elsawy, K., Ibrahim, I. A., Abdelmotalip, A., & Elhenawy, Y. Experimental investigation of air bubble/packing humidifier for desalination system driven by solar energy. International Journal,9(5),2020.(‏

Elhenawy Y, Elminshawy NA, Bassyouni M, Alanezi AA ,Drioli E. Experimental and theoretical investigation of a new air gap membrane distillation module with a corrugated feed channel. J. Memb. Sci.. vol. 594. p. 117461. Jan. 2020. (

Ince, O.; G. K. Anderson and B. Kasapgil. Composition of the microbial population in a membrane anaerobic reactor system during start-up. Wat. Res. 1997. Vol. 31. pp. 1-10. (

How to Cite
Elhenawy, Y., El-Kadi, S., Elsawy, K., Abdelmotalip, A., & AbdelrahmanIbrahim, I. (2021). Biogas production by anaerobic digestion of cow dung using floating type fermenter. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 9(2), 446-451. Retrieved from
Regular publication process