Groundwater Treatment using Steam Injection in Selected Shallow Wells within Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria
Groundwater is a valuable resource and must be protected from any form of pollution. The pollution of groundwater by contaminants has become an increasing concern as a result of toxicity, health hazard, and industrialization. The research work focused on groundwater treatment using a steam injection in selected shallow wells within Ogbomoso Local government area, Oyo State, Nigeria. The steam injection was incorporated as a flux source. The results of treated water were compared with World Health Organization (WHO). The physical, chemical, and biological parameters include pH, Dissolve Oxygen (DO), Ec, Turbidity, Nitrate, Potassium, Iron, Zinc, Hardness, Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) were tested before and after treatment. The pH, DO, Ec, and Turbidity ranged from 7.53-7.98, 8-12 mg/L, 100-665 µS/cm, 0.014-0.106 NTU. Nitrate, Potassium, Iron, and Zinc valued varied from 0.03-2.57, 1-28.54, 1-17.06 and 0.01-0.03 mg/L, respectively. The hardness, BOD, and COD ranged 34-116 ppm, 1.5-4.5 mg/L, and 3-8.5 mg/L, respectively. The steam Injection technique improves the quality of the treated groundwater sample. The application of steam injection improves the quality of treated groundwater.
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