Relationship between COVID-19 Anxiety and Hypochondriasis in Retirees Aged 60 to 70 Years in Shiraz

  • Ali Keshtkar Bachelor of Psychology, Deportment of Psychology, Apadana Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz, Iran
  • Bahram Bahrami Lecturer, Department of Psychology, Apadana Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz, Iran
Keywords: Covid-19 anxiety, Hypochondriasis, Retired


With the outbreak of Covid 19 and a worldwide epidemic, countless new challenges have arisen within various facets of human life including, lifestyle, health, and social behavior. One of these new challenges belongs to the dimension of psychological health and it is that of anxiety. Different individuals experience different types of mental reactions to anxiety which could manifest itself in the form of worrying in regards to one's health and sometimes in the form of hypochondriasis. The goal of the present study is to investigate the relation between Corona virus-induced anxiety and hypochondriasis. The current study was conducted on a population of 125 among the retired aged 60 to 70 of the department of education workforce in the city of Shiraz, Iran, which were picked using the cluster random method. The study group answered the demographic questions in addition to the Covid anxiety questionnaire 18 and the hypochondriasis questionnaire 36 of Evans. The gathered data were then analyzed using the SPSS 26 software. A total of 66.4% of the study group experienced average levels of anxiety while 32% experienced a mild case of hypochondriasis. A significant relation was discovered between hypochondriasis, Corona-induced anxiety, marital status, and sex but no significant relation was discovered between hypochondriasis, sex, and marital status. The role of anxiety on the individuals diminishing social and personal capacities are well known and the outbreak of Covid-19 has so far exacerbated the problem. In regards to the relationships discovered in this study between anxiety disorder and hypochondriasis, we recommend that the mental health services in the society expand to cover a larger portion of the demographic, at least for the duration of the outbreak.


Download data is not yet available.


Fillenbaum GG, Blay SL, Mello MF, Quintana MI, Mari JJ, Bressan RA, et al. Use of mental health services by community-resident adults with DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorders in a violence-prone area: Sao Paulo, Brazil. 2019;250:145-52.

Melnyk BMJJoPHC. Reducing healthcare costs for mental health hospitalizations with the evidence-based COPE program for child and adolescent depression and anxiety: a cost analysis. 2020;34(2):117-21.

Videbeck SL. Psychiatric-mental health nursing: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.

Shafiabadi AJJoK, Research of psychology A. Delavar A. Sadr poosan N. Influence method group therapy the anxiety reduce. 2005;25:21-34.

Olatunji BO, Deacon BJ, Abramowitz JSJTBJoP. Is hypochondriasis an anxiety disorder? 2009;194(6):481-2.

Deale AJP. Psychopathology and treatment of severe health anxiety. 2007;6(6):240-6.

Boyd MA. Psychiatric nursing: Contemporary practice: lippincott Williams & wilkins; 2008.

Sadock BJ. Kaplan & Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry: behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry. 2007.

Simon GE, Gureje O, Fullerton C. Course of hypochondriasis in an international primary care study. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2001;23(2):51-5.

Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen IJTfdNltfpm, ny raekke. Disease anxiety among medical students and law students. 2002;122(8):785-7.

Organization WH. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): situation report, 73. 2020.

Wu Z, McGoogan JMJJ. Characteristics of and important lessons from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China: summary of a report of 72 314 cases from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. 2020;323(13):1239-42.

Noyes Jr R, Stuart SP, Langbehn DR, Happel RL, Longley SL, Muller BA, et al. Test of an interpersonal model of hypochondriasis. 2003;65(2):292-300.

Leibbrand R, Hiller W, Fichter MMJJoCP. Hypochondriasis and somatization: two distinct aspects of somatoform disorders? 2000;56(1):63-72.

Alipour A, Ghadami A, Alipour Z, Abdollahzadeh HJQJoHP. Preliminary validation of the Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (CDAS) in the Iranian sample. 2020;8(32):163-75.

Evans C. Understanding yourself: Signet Book; 1980.

Abramowitz JS, Moore ELJBR, Therapy. An experimental analysis of hypochondriasis. 2007;45(3):413-24.

Ajezi P. Assessment of relation between depression and hypochondriasis among nursing college student. Rasht, Guilan, Iran: Guilan University; 2006.

Talaei A, Fayazi B, Nasiraei A, Samari A, Mirshojaeian, Rezaei A. Hypochondrias in resident students of mashhad university of medical sciences. 2009.

Shahrabi Farahani H, Razian SJR-e-RJ. The role of gender in the social anxiety. 2019;7(10):243-54.

Mahlouji A, LotiKashani F. The effectiveness of mindfulness therapy on self-concept and hypochondriasis in patients with chronic pain. 2019.

How to Cite
Keshtkar, A., & Bahrami, B. (2021). Relationship between COVID-19 Anxiety and Hypochondriasis in Retirees Aged 60 to 70 Years in Shiraz. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 9(4), 737-740.
Regular publication process