Efficient Cd (II) Ions Removal from Aqueous Solution Using Peganum Harmala and Prosopis Farcta Seed as Adsorbents

  • Ali Ebrahimi Marjan Salari, Department of Civil Engineering, Sirjan University of Technology, Kerman, Iran
  • Majid Ehteshami Civil Engineering Department, K N Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
  • Behnaz Dahrazma Civil Engineering Department, Shahrood University of Technolgy, Semnan, Iran
  • Marjan Salari Dr
  • Pegah Fatehbasharzad Civil Engineering Department, K N Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Adsorption, Cadmium contamination, Prosopis farcta, Peganum harmala, Isotherm, Kinetic models


Cadmium is a highly toxic heavy metal and a dangerous pollutant to the environment. Anthropogenic activities are the main reasons for diffusing cadmium into water resources, soil, and air. In this study, the adsorption of cadmium from the aqueous phase has been investigated by the usage of biological adsorbents including Prosopis farcta and Peganum harmala seeds powder. The adsorption procedure was optimized in four steps: initial pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage, and initial concentration of cadmium. The cadmium concentration in solution was measured by the Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) method. The results of optimization tests showed 91% and 73% Cd (II) removal for pH = 6.5 and initial metal concentration of 20 mg/L for 20 g/L of Prosopis farcta at 45 min and 40 g/L of Peganum harmala at 30 min, respectively. In addition, the efficiency of the adsorption process improved when the cadmium concentration decreased in the initial solution. Finally, the adsorption process for both adsorbents complied with Freundlich isotherm and the pseudo-second-order kinetic.


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How to Cite
Ebrahimi, A., Ehteshami, M., Dahrazma, B., Salari, M., & Fatehbasharzad, P. (2021). Efficient Cd (II) Ions Removal from Aqueous Solution Using Peganum Harmala and Prosopis Farcta Seed as Adsorbents. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 9(4), 728-736. https://doi.org/10.47277/JETT/9(4)736
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