The treatment of wastewater containing pharmaceuticals: Review

  • Kareem Fouad Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Port Said University, Port Said, 42511, Egypt
  • Mohamed Bassyouni Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Port Said University, Port Said, 42511, Egypt
  • Mohamed Gar Alalm Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8552, Japan
  • Mamdouh Y. Saleh Department of Public Works Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt
Keywords: Pharmaceuticals, Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), Antibiotics


The massive production of pharmaceuticals and excessive consumption will lead to their leakage into various water sources. Conventional treatment methods have proven ineffective in the treatment of these contaminants. Thus, choosing the appropriate treatment method is extremely important to deal with these pollutants. This review presents an overview of pharmaceuticals in wastewater and studies the difference between the conventional and advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for pharmaceutical treatment. AOPs can be an ideal solution for the degradation of these contaminants. The factors that affect the removal efficiency for AOPs were discussed, such as catalyst dose, initial concentration of contamination, pH of the solution, and hydrogen peroxide. The degradation pathway for some pharmaceuticals has also been discussed with oxidative species' role in the degradation operations.


Author Biography

Mohamed Bassyouni, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Port Said University, Port Said, 42511, Egypt

Prof. M. Bassyouni received his Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from Cairo University. He has completed postdoctoral studies at TU- Clausthal, Germany. He is Prof. in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Port Said University, Egypt. He is a member of the Editorial Board of International Institute of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering and journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology. He has experience in the area of polymer composites and applications, with emphasis on nanocomposites, biocomposites, using recyclable materials in favor of environmental sustainability and water treatment. He is the author of more than 70 articles published in international journals and conferences. He is the co-author of three books in the area of polymers and petroleum engineering. He serves as a reviewer for the following international journals: International Journal of Eng. & Sciences; International Journal of Hydrogen energy; Environment Progress & Sustainable Energy.


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How to Cite
Fouad, K., Bassyouni, M., Gar Alalm, M., & Saleh, M. (2021). The treatment of wastewater containing pharmaceuticals: Review. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 9(2), 499-504. Retrieved from
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