The importance and challenges of agro-waste in second-generation biofuels production
Innovative techniques produce the second generation of biofuels obtained from complex polysaccharides. Enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass consists of cellulose and hemicellulose and convert them into sugars towards biofuels generation become the recent interests among the industries. However, its commercial utilization is still under investigation. The hydrolysis process requires multiple enzymes with different specifications such as cellulase and xylanase. Thermostable enzymes obtained from hyperthermophilic bacteria have been the core interest of scholars to utilize biomass degradation at the industrial level. Therefore, this work describes the second-generation substances towards biofuels production by considering hyperthermophile abilities and its enzymatic production challenges. Overall, the advancement in biofuels production will lead to achieving progressive green technology.
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